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What is at stake in Barça's elections?


Laporta wants to return to the helm in order to reinstate the club's previous Catalan nationalist spirit 

What is at stake in Barça's elections?

FC Barcelona's 18 July elections are shaping up as a battle between Joan Laporta and Josep Maria Bartomeu

FC Barcelona's elections, planned for next 18 July, are an open battle between two of its former presidents: Josep Maria Bartomeu, and Joan Laporta, but Agustí Benedito may also end up a close contender. Aside from the other four pre-candidates, some of whom will probably not obtain the necessary signatures to vie for the role of president, polls point to a neck-to-neck race between Laporta and Bartomeu. Each represents two very different notions of how the club should evolve over the next four years. In Bartomeu's favour are Barcelona's three titles this past season, as well as an ambitious pet project known as Barça Space. 

Francina Armengol is sworn in as president of the Balearic Islands

Francina Armengol is sworn in as president of the Balearic Islands

?Armengol will form a leftist coalition government

The socialist Francina Armengol has been sworn in as president of the Balearic Island government after securing the votes of the Socialist Party of the Balearic Islands, Més, Podemos, and Gent per Formentera. The three representatives from Proposta per les Illes abstained from the vote, and the twenty-two from Partido Popular voted against her.

Barcelona, capital de la Harley-Davidson

Barcelona, capital de la Harley-Davidson

Harley Days, which opens today and runs until Sunday, will bring to the city 20,000 motorcycles from all over the world

    'Chronicle of a premeditated offense': Catalonia issues list of grievances

    'Chronicle of a premeditated offense': Catalonia issues list of grievances

    The Catalan government accuses Spain of stifling self-rule in Catalonia

      The Catalan government today issued a report titled 'Chronicle of a premeditated offense: consequences for the people of Catalonia' (pdf, in Catalan). In this document, the Catalan administration accuses Spain of stifling, limiting and scaling back self-rule in Catalonia, with serious consequences for the welfare of citizens.

      ANC will hold internal poll on Mas's proposal

      ANC will hold internal poll on Mas's proposal

      The group will ask its members if it should partner with other political groups and entities to compile a unified electoral list

        Francesc Homs: 'The people who voted on 9 November have not disappeared'

        Interview with Francesc Homs, Minister of the Presidency

        President Mas' right-hand man in all affairs related to the independence process, the Minister of the Presidency, Francesc Homs, explains why it was necessary to ask for unity among all the pro-independence institutions in the elections to the Parliament of Catalonia on 27-S. Homs also warns of the risk of the elections no longer being considered a plebiscite if ERC and the CUP allow themselves to be influenced by Podemos.

        Antonio Baños: 'We won't get anywhere without the middle bourgeoisie'

        Antonio Baños: 'We won't get anywhere without the middle bourgeoisie'

        VilaWeb interviews a candidate running to represent CUP

        Antonio Baños (1967) is a journalist and writer. In a few weeks' time, he will know whether CUP party members have chosen him to be among its candidates in the 27-S parliamentary elections in Catalonia. 

        Pep Guardiola pays tribute to Martí i Pol in Munich

        Pep Guardiola pays tribute to Martí i Pol in Munich

        The manager of Bayern Munich will be introducing the German public to the figure of Miquel Martí i Pol

        Ximo Puig is sworn in as President of the Valencian government

        Thus formalising the political change in the region after twenty years of the same ruling party, Partit Popular

          The Valencia Country has sworn in the Socialist Ximo Puig as President of the government. It is the formalization of the most important political change of the last twenty years in this territory. During this time a single party Partit Popular (PP) ruled continuously. Executives have been affected by cases of corruption and responsible for repeated attacks on education and culture.

          Mas: 'The new government is united behind the goal of an independent state'

          Mas: 'The new government is united behind the goal of an independent state'

          New ministers will be replacing the ministers from Unió who have resigned

          Council of Europe agrees to debate motion on Catalonia's right to decide

          Council of Europe agrees to debate motion on Catalonia's right to decide

          The draft resolution was presented by Danish member Jacob Lund

          Mas calls upon the civil society organizations for maximum unification for 27-S

          Mas calls upon the civil society organizations for maximum unification for 27-S

          'I can be there, but place me where you consider it the most appropriate'

          The Catalan President Artur Mas has already said how he would like to be present at the elections on September 27th. He would like to build a list of candidates that is unified and which goes beyond the parties. 

          Rull: 'The federation of Convergència i Unió's political project is over'

          Rull: 'The federation of Convergència i Unió's political project is over'

          CDC explains that Unió do not want to go to President Mas's candidature

              Convergència confirms the federation's break with Unió, the partners in President Mas's government.

              Unió leaves the government and dissolves the federation with Convergència

              Unió leaves the government and dissolves the federation with Convergència

              The Members of Parliament of Unió leave the government

              Ada Colau waives Barcelona's candidature for the Winter Games

              Ada Colau waives Barcelona's candidature for the Winter Games

              Is one of the first decisions that the new Mayoress in office has taken

              The most complete Sónar festival ever is here

              The event looks to provide a complete 360 degree occasion, connecting music, creativity and technology

              The most complete Sónar festival ever is here

              The Chemical Brothers and Duran Duran, highlights of the music programme

                The 22nd edition of Barcelona's Sónar festival is taking place between the 18th and 20th of June. This year, Sónar's activities are divided into two main locations: Sónar by Day and Sónar+D, the professional event on digital creative industries, will be held in Fira de Barcelona's Montjuic venue. Sónar by Night is taking place at the Fira de GranVia L'Hospitalet venue.

                Sónar+D: the other side of the festival

                Sónar+D: the other side of the festival

                Music, technology, research, art and business converge

                Artur Mas and David Fernàndez: 'On 27-S we can write our history'

                It was the central event of the celebration of the newspaper VilaWeb's 20 years

                Artur Mas and David Fernàndez: 'On 27-S we can write our history'

                'We have a unique opportunity and it depends on us', they all coincided

                  The President of the Government of Catalonia, Artur Mas, and the member of parliament for the CUP David Fernàndez, gave a joint message: the elections on 27 September to the Parliament of Catalonia are a historic opportunity for Catalonia and must be taken advantage of because these elections are a plebiscite and it must be clearly seen that the national and social questions run hand-in-hand.

                  First English edition of 'Uncertain Glory' has sold out

                  First English edition of 'Uncertain Glory' has sold out

                  The novel is available in English since the beginning of October

                  Sant Joan

                  Celebrating Sant Joan, from one end of the country to the other

                  Celebrating Sant Joan, from one end of the country to the other

                  Sant Joan [Saint John's Feast, or Midsummer's Night] with fire at its core, is celebrated in many ways all over the Catalan Countries

                  The country has celebrated the summer solstice with the Saint John festival for as long as anyone can remember. In many areas, fire, dance and parties are the order of the day, especially on Saint John's eve. There is the flame of Mount Canigó, which came down Sunday from the North Catalan mountain peaks and which will spread through hundreds of cities and towns across the country.

                  Customs and traditions surrounding the coca tart of Sant Joan

                  Customs and traditions surrounding the coca tart of Sant Joan

                  Coca tarts are essential features of the Night of Sant Joan

                  There are different kinds of coca tarts: some are made with fruit, pine kernels or marzipan, or filled with custard, and there is the coca de llardons [suet pastry]. These are washed down with a good cava or muscatel wine and they are essential features of the Night of Sant Joan. There are many kinds of 'coca' and it is sometimes difficult to agree on which one to get: Some people don't like ones with a filling and others don't like candied fruit. 

                  Artur Mas: 'Catalonia is called to become an anchor of stability in Europe and the Mediterranean'

                  Artur Mas: 'Catalonia is called to become an anchor of stability in Europe and the Mediterranean'

                  'Faces of independence': Well-known figures from around the country explain why they want independence

                  Artur Mas (Barcelona, 1956) is the President of the Catalan government, the Generalitat de Catalonia. He is also the leader of Convergència Democràtica de Catalunya (CDC) and chairman of the Convergència i Unió (CIU) coalition.

                  Teresa Forcades's party opts for a coalition with the left-wing rupturist parties

                  Teresa Forcades's party opts for a coalition with the left-wing rupturist parties

                  Procés Constituent backs the proposal from Forcades

                    The party led by Teresa Forcades, Procés Constituent, will try to negotiate a single candidature that groups the left-wing forces for the elections of 27 September to the Parliament of Catalonia.

                    'The plebiscitary character of 27-S is reinforced by the ruling of the TC against the 9-N'

                    'The plebiscitary character of 27-S is reinforced by the ruling of the TC against the 9-N'

                    Artur Mas explained that the Spanish constitution has become a dead end

                    The President of the Catalan Government, Artur Mas, has made a statement about the Spanish Constitutional Court's ruling that declares the actions to prepare the public participation process on 9 November last year unconstitutional. 

                    European experts debate on Catalonia and self-determination

                    European experts debate on Catalonia and self-determination

                    Diplocat organised the first academic debate on Catalonia in the Czech Republic

                    Joan Rigol: 'Having independence be contingent on legality or dialogue is a trap'

                    Joan Rigol: 'Having independence be contingent on legality or dialogue is a trap'

                    Interview with former speaker of parliament and spokesman for the secessionist faction within UDC

                      UDC is the partner of CDC; together they make up the federation Convergència i Unió or CiU, currently governing in Catalonia. While CDC is clearly a secessionist party, UDC has not defined its official position on this matter. On Sunday, UDC faces a historic internal vote that will decide its future as a part of Catalan political nationalism.

                      Ada Colau will attend the pro-independence rally on Catalan National Day as mayoress

                      Ada Colau will attend the pro-independence rally on Catalan National Day as mayoress

                      She has met with the organizations ANC and Òmnium to announce this

                      Barça has won their fifth Champions league title in Berlin

                      Barça has won their fifth Champions league title in Berlin

                      The blau-granas defeated Juventus 1 to 3 and made history with this second treble

                      Support for the independentist parties in Catalonia, municipality by municipality

                      Support for the independentist parties in Catalonia, municipality by municipality

                      We use a map to analyse the results of the municipal elections around the Principality and expand the focus by street blocks in Barcelona

                      Independentism has set the temperature of the municipal elections in Catalonia.  The fact that the plebiscitary elections of 27 September are just four months away after last Sunday has turned these elections into a kind of first round. 

                      El Celler de Can Roca reclaims world's best restaurant crown

                      El Celler de Can Roca reclaims world's best restaurant crown

                      Catalan restaurant El Celler de Can Roca has triumphed in the World's 50 Best Restaurants awards

                      The equivalent of the cuisine Oscars clearly distinguished on Monday Catalan chefs and establishments. In a gala event held in London's Guidhall, the 'Restaurant' Magazine announced the establishments included in the world's top 50 ranking.

                      Trias and Colau sign with the Mobile World Congress until 2023

                      Trias and Colau sign with the Mobile World Congress until 2023

                      The CUP refuses to go to the signing of the new Council contract with the remaining parties

                      The Mayor of Dublin: 'Catalonia deserves independence'

                      The Mayor of Dublin: 'Catalonia deserves independence'

                      Christy Burke asks Mariano Rajoy to do as the British Prime Minister and accept a referendum

                      'We certainly understand the position and the views and the feelings of the Catalan people because we know what it was like to be treated as second class citizens' said the Mayor of Dublin, Christy Burke.

                      Xavi Hernàndez and Carles Puyol, against the sanctions for the jeering in Camp Nou

                      Xavi Hernàndez and Carles Puyol, against the sanctions for the jeering in Camp Nou

                      Barça's centre half and former captain have talked about Saturday's protest

                      The F.C. Barcelona footballer, Xavi Hernàndez, and his former teammate Carles Puyol, have talked about the jeering on Saturday in Camp Nou before the start of the final of the Copa del Rey between Barça and Athletic de Bilbao.

                      Primavera Sound: the point of reference in the realm of urban music events

                      Primavera Sound: the point of reference in the realm of urban music events

                      During this 3-day-session, a total of 193 concerts will be held

                      Historical change in Barcelona: Ada Colau wins the elections

                      Ada Colau's victory is a historic change. The city had always been governed by the PSC and in the last four years by CiU

                      Historical change in Barcelona: Ada Colau wins the elections

                      Barcelona en Comú obtains 11 councillors and CiU, 10 · ERC gains two councillors and the CUP comes in with three

                        Barcelona en Comú, led by Ada Colau, has been the most voted force in the municipal elections in Barcelona with 11 councillors. Convergència i Unió (CiU), with Xavier Trias, the current mayor leading the party comes close with 10. Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya (ERC) and Ciutadans (C's) will have 5 councillors each. 

                        Strong PP downfall in Valencia Country and in the Balearic Islands

                        Strong PP downfall in Valencia Country and in the Balearic Islands

                        The conservative party will have difficulty maintaining the principal governments

                          Valencia Country and the Balearic Islands have held elections in their respective parliaments and in both cases, the PP lost a lot of votes.

                          A Podemos victory in Barcelona? Are you sure?

                          A Podemos victory in Barcelona? Are you sure?

                          'It could even be that the allies of Barcelona en Comú will turn out to be the separatists of ERC and CUP'

                          Danish Parliament passes motion supporting democratic solution for Catalonia

                          Danish Parliament passes motion supporting democratic solution for Catalonia

                          It is the position held by six of the eight parties of the Folketing

                          The majority of the Danish parliament and its government is in favor of supporting a democratic dialogue between Catalonia and Spain. Six out of the eight parties that form the chamber have shown their support in finding a solution for the independence.

                          Jordi Sánchez: 'The most difficult times will come after the 27-S elections'

                          Jordi Sánchez: 'The most difficult times will come after the 27-S elections'

                          Interview with the new president of the Catalan National Assembly

                          The Catalan National Assembly has a new president for the most delicate and interesting months of the independence process. Jordi Sànchez, who until now was assistant to the Ombudsman, is the substitute for Carme Forcadell.

                          Sant Pol raises the Danish flag as a sign of thanks

                          Sant Pol raises the Danish flag as a sign of thanks

                          The initiative was promoted by the village's Painting Museum

                          Albert Royo: 'Denmark recognizes Catalonia as a political actor on a par with Spain'

                          Albert Royo: 'Denmark recognizes Catalonia as a political actor on a par with Spain'

                          VilaWeb interviewed the Secretary General of the Public Diplomacy Council of Catalonia 

                          PP militants assault members of the PAH at Rajoy's meeting in Barcelona

                          PP militants assault members of the PAH at Rajoy's meeting in Barcelona

                          Pushing and blows with flags while they drove them out of the complex

                          At least three members of the Plataforma d'Afectats per la Hipoteca (PAH), a social movement calling for the right to a decent home, on Monday entered the meeting of the Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy in Barcelona.

                          Teresa Forcades wants to run as a candidate for President of the Catalan Government

                          Teresa Forcades wants to run as a candidate for President of the Catalan Government

                          She has sent a letter to the members of her party, Procés Constituent

                          The nun and leader of the party Procés Constituent Teresa Forcades would like to present herself as a candidate for the elections to be held on September 27th for the Catalan Government.

                          Thank you Denmark

                          Thank you Denmark

                          Yesterday's debate in the Folketing is an extraordinary step forward, a game changer

                          The first salute to Catalonia

                          The first salute to Catalonia

                          'What was at first strictly as an internal affair between two parties suddenly attracts the attention of outsiders'

                          Liz Castro: 'Being the president of the ANC is a very difficult job with great responsibility'

                          Liz Castro, an American who has put down roots in Catalonia and is in favour of independence, was the candidate who received the most votes in the elections to the board of the Catalan National Assembly (ANC).

                          The ANC votes the direction that will select its new president

                          The ANC votes the direction that will select its new president

                          Liz Castro, Rosa Alentorn, Agustí Alcoberro and and Jordi Sánchez are the four candidates with the most votes

                            Liz Castro, an American writer and editor, was the most voted in the elections that were held Saturday at the Assemblea Nacional Catalana, the sovereignist entity who is responsible for the historical pro-independence demonstrations

                            New attack by the Spanish Government against the language immersion model

                            New attack by the Spanish Government against the language immersion model

                            A majority of the Catalan parties are coming together to defend the Catalan language at school

                            The Spanish Government has again made an attempt to attack the model of language immersion in Catalan schools. The Spanish Minister of Education presented an appeal to the Court of Justice of Catalonia against the decision of the Catalan Government that regulates the standards of pre-enrollment to public schools.

                            How many electoral lists are presented by each party in the Catalan Countries?

                            How many electoral lists are presented by each party in the Catalan Countries?

                            The PP is the party with the most candidates, followed by the PSOE

                              Spanish President Rajoy and the lobby Puente Aéreo, without Rato, are joining together against separatism

                              A month from municipal elections and five months before 27-S, the Spanish President has called for a lunch with representatives of Puente Aero, a lobby made up of forty influential businessmen from Madrid and Barcelona.

                              The Spanish Constitutional Court suspends the Catalan Foreign Affairs law

                              The Spanish Constitutional Court suspends the Catalan Foreign Affairs law

                              The Generalitat maintains foreign action despite the Spanish attack

                              The foreign affairs law of the Government of Catalonia is one of the obsessions of the ruling party PP and the government of Mariano Rajoy. 

                              'The Spanish Intelligence Center put a radical in charge of the Spanish Islamic Commission'

                              Spain's interior minister has sought to link Islamic radicalism and Catalan independence, and to stir up some trouble for Fundació Nous Catalans, a nonprofit that works to help immigrants integrate and put down roots in Catalonia.

                              Sant Jordi festival: the story told through the prism of the legend, the rose and the book

                              Hundreds of people go out for a stroll around the book stands, to buy a rose or attend one of the many programmed events

                              Sant Jordi, celebrated on the 23rd of April, is one of the best-loved festivals in the Catalan calendar. Even when it falls on a working day, hundreds of people go out for a stroll around the book stands, to buy a rose or attend one of the many programmed events.

                              Catalonia exports its #BooksAndRoses tradition to the world

                              Catalonia exports its #BooksAndRoses tradition to the world

                              There will be activities in 32 countries worldwide and a group of foreign journalists will spend the day in Barcelona

                              Mas in New York: 'Spain has to be what it wants to be, but Catalonia has to too, without being imposed on'

                              Mas in New York: 'Spain has to be what it wants to be, but Catalonia has to too, without being imposed on'

                              Before an audience of more than three hundred people, the President of the Government of Catalonia, Artur Mas, last night gave a talk (pdf) at Columbia University in New York, where he stated that the time has come for Catalonia to create an independent state. Mas described the current situation of the Catalonia and assured that if the people vote for the independentist parties in September, the separation process will be started.

                              ANC's plan for Eleventh September: Fill Barcelona's Meridiana Avenue

                              ANC's plan for Eleventh September: Fill Barcelona's Meridiana Avenue

                              Presented its plans for a rally on Catalonia's National Day

                              Portrayal of 9-N offers glimpse into inner workings of Catalan political power

                              Portrayal of 9-N offers glimpse into inner workings of Catalan political power

                              ?In his new book, Vicent Partal chronicles the journey that led to the 9-N vote

                              The new book by VilaWeb's news director, Vicent Partal, 'Desclassificat 9-N. Història secreta d'una votació revolucionària', recounts the events that allowed more than two million Catalan citizens to vote on Catalonia's secession from Spain. 

                              Carles Boix: 'It's time for Mas to go all out for independence'

                              Carles Boix: 'It's time for Mas to go all out for independence'

                              Interview with Princeton University professor

                              Carles Boix is among the most authoritative voices in the discussion of Catalonia's process of secession from Spain. As a professor of politics at Princeton University, he has devoted many years to the study of secession processes among stateless nations.

                              'I would be thrilled to be a part of the parliament that proclaimed independence'

                              'I would be thrilled to be a part of the parliament that proclaimed independence'

                              Interview with Carme Forcadell, the president of the ANC

                              For the past three years, Carmen Forcadell has been president of the civil society organization that has lead the movement seeking Catalonia's secession from Spain. The Catalan National Assembly (ANC) has organized the three largest political demonstrations in Europe's history.

                              Jaume Plensa: 'Works of art are a little David facing a giant architectural Goliath'

                              From his studio, Plensa shares his thoughts on the humanisation of art and the role of his art in public spaces

                              Jaume Plensa: 'Works of art are a little David facing a giant architectural Goliath'

                              Sculptor Jaume Plensa has just won the Barcelona City Prize in the 'International Impact' category. 

                              The studio of sculptor Jaume Plensa occupies a warehouse in an industrial estate in Sant Feliu de Llobregat. A bare, icy space with no remarkable features, it initially seemed to Plensa a place of exile. But now he's made it his own: 'It's a non-place, situated between a rubbish tip, which I see as a storage facility for memories, and the cemetery, which is the future.

                              Haggadot: The Jewish splendor of the Catalan Gothic

                              Haggadot: The Jewish splendor of the Catalan Gothic

                              After six centuries the Jewish haggadot return to Barcelona

                              CDC and ERC signed a preliminary agreement for the proclamation of independence

                              CDC and ERC signed a preliminary agreement for the proclamation of independence

                              The ruling party and the opposition have formalized the draft

                              The preliminary agreement of the roadmap of the unitary process towards sovereignty that was reached a few days ago has been formalized. 

                              The CUP, prepared to be added to the roadmap towards independence

                              The roadmap agreed upon yesterday is seen favorably by the third Catalan separatist party of the Catalan parliament, the CUP, which is prepared to join it. 

                              Rajoy sets in motion new challenge against independence roadmap

                              Rajoy sets in motion new challenge against independence roadmap

                              He has commissioned a report to weigh a lawsuit against the text

                              The MACBA censored an exhibition showing a sculpture of the former King

                              The exhibition 'The beast and the sovereign' at the Barcelona Museum of Contemporary Art open its doors finally, after it was canceled because of disagreements between the organizing team and the managers of the museum.

                              The no vote to the independence of Catalonia extends its advantage, according to the CEO

                              A no vote to independence would today be the result of a referendum on the independence of Catalonia, according to the barometer of the Centre for Opinion Studies (Centre d'Estudis d'Opinió - CEO) made public today. 

                              Rift in Catalan Green Left over Secessionism

                              Rift in Catalan Green Left over Secessionism

                              ICV's bid for a confederal model rattles the party's pro-independence ranks · Raül Romeva abandons the party

                              Iniciativa per Catalunya Verds (ICV), the party of the Catalan Green Left, has defined itself around the issue of Catalan independence. The party, which favours the right to decide on the nation's political future and supported the unofficial 9-N independence vote, has come out in favour of a confederal model, in which a free and sovereign Catalonia 'will be able to fit into a plurinational Spain'.

                              Spanish justice suspends for three years Judge Vidal for an offence of opinion

                              Spanish justice suspends for three years Judge Vidal for an offence of opinion

                              He promoted and presented a proposal for a Catalan constitution. 

                              The Spanish General Council of Judicial Power (CGPJ) has suspended for three years judge Santiago Vidal from the Barcelona Audience for having promoted and presented a proposal for a Catalan constitution.  

                              The removal of Judge Vidal is an accelerated turn to Francoism

                              The removal of Judge Vidal is an accelerated turn to Francoism

                              'The legislative, executive and judicial powers are ever more mixed in the Spanish state'

                              The Spanish Government wants to block the Catalan Law of Foreign Affairs

                              The Spanish Government wants to block the Catalan Law of Foreign Affairs

                              It will submit an appeal against the law before the Constitutional Court 

                              The vice-president of the Spanish Government, Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría announced that the Spanish government has decided to file an appeal before the Constitutional Court against the Catalan Government's Law of Foreign Affairs. 

                              The Constitutional Court unanimously annuls the 9-N independence vote

                              The Constitutional Court unanimously annuls the 9-N independence vote

                              It also suspends to precepts of the voting law 

                                The Spanish Constitutional Court has agreed to declare unconstitutional, and therefore , the original call to the independence vote of 9 November (9-N) and two precepts of the non referendary voting law.  

                                A PP senator for Valencia is masking the brutality of the regime in Azerbaijan

                                Human rights violations are a constant in Azerbaijan; political dissent is punished, and, at present, political activists have been held in prison for many months on dubious charges and without trial. 

                                Catalonia seen from the outside

                                Catalonia seen from the outside

                                Catalonia is still in the headlines. It is one of the top media stories all around the world. We offer you an updated list of the news stories that focus on the Catalan independence political process

                                Antoni Castellà: 'If independence wins on 27-S, we must make a deal with Podemos in Madrid'

                                Antoni Castellà: 'If independence wins on 27-S, we must make a deal with Podemos in Madrid'

                                In an interview with Vilaweb, the member of the steering committee of Unió Democràtica de Catalunya reveals the post-election strategy he would favour

                                One of the unknowns in the months before the 27 September parliamentary elections in Catalonia, which are being billed as a de facto plebiscite on Catalan independence from Spain, is the role that Unió Democràtica de Catalunya (UDC) will be playing. Unió is the ally of President Mas's own party, Convergència.

                                According to a study by the Professional Association of Economists of Catalonia (Col·legi d'Economistes), an independent Catalonia would obtain a much better grade from rating agencies than it currently gets, taking into account its diversified economy and higher GDP per capita than the European average. Specifically, it would obtain an A+ rating, 7 levels higher than Catalonia's current BB 'junk bond', using Standard&Poor's classification.