> The Design
> The Dove of Peace
> The Peace Rainbow Flag
dimarts, 26 de febrer de 2008
It is a simple, direct, unpretentious symbol: just four lines (in the shape of a hay fork) inside a circle. It was created just gone fifty years ago by the designer and artist Gerald Holtom, who did not think that it would become a universal symbol of peace.
A graduate of the Royal College of Art in London, Holtom thought up the design in 1958 as a commission for the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND), which was set up the same year amid fears of a possible nuclear conflict (it was the time of the Cold War that divided the world into two blocs: one communist and one capitalist).
Conceived, therefore, as a symbol representing opposition to nuclear arms, Holtom's design did not take long to cross borders. In the United States, during the 1960s, it became the standard of civil-rights demonstrators and of opponents of the Vietnam War. It became identified with the counterculture hippy movement which advocated love and non-violence. It was then that the Holtom's symbol became a universal protest symbol against the savagery of war.
To commemorate the symbol, the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament has launched a Happy Birthday Peace website inviting everyone to come up with their own re-creation of Holtom's symbol. CND is also about to publish a book entitled 'Peace: 50 Years of Protest', which will include drawings by celebrities from the fields of music, art, politics, etc.
+ A simple, direct, unpretentious symbol.
Paradoxically, the peace symbol is based on the combination of two letters of an alphabet that was first used in military campaigns: the flag semaphore. The two letters it uses are the 'N' and the 'D', the initials of 'Nuclear' and 'Disarmament.' As Gerald Holtom later confessed, he designed the logo at a time of anguish and decided to represent a desperate figure with outstretched palms like the subject of Francisco de Goya's 'The Third of May 1808'.
The Dove of Peace
+ Picasso's Dove of Peace.
The dove has traditionally represented the ultimate peace symbol. The most classic image is the white dove with an olive branch in its beak (the olive branch is also a symbol of peace). The image is based on a Biblical story known all over the world: Noah, to be sure the waters had subsided, released a dove from the ark, which returned towards the evening, with an olive leaf in its beak.
The Peace Rainbow Flag
+ Peace rainbow flag acquired popularity as a result of the 'pace da tutti i balconi' campaign.
Considerably more recent is the so-called 'peace rainbow flag', which appeared in Italy in the early 1960s. The flag, made up of the colours of the rainbow and bearing the word 'pace' ('peace' in Italian), acquired enormous popularity from 2002 onwards as a result of the 'pace da tutti i balconi' ('peace from every balcony') campaign against the Iraq war. It spread from Italy, becoming a symbol of the peace movement throughout the world.
> Un fum de versions del símbol de la pau.
> Catalunya i la pau: vídeo del discurs de Pau Casals, pronunciat a la seu de l'ONU el 1971.
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