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Remembering Paul Cézanne

Beginning of the Impressionist influence

Father of modern painting

Artistic works

dijous, 9 de novembre de 2006
This year marks the hundredth anniversary of the death of the Provençal painter Paul Cézanne (1839-1906), considered the father of modern painting. The event has been marked in a Cézanne Year organised with a particular focus on Aix-en-Provence (Occitania), the artist's birthplace.

The central pillar of the programme, which began at the start of 2006, was the exhibition 'Cézanne in Provence', held at the Granet Museum in Aix-en-Provence from June to September, which offered the chance to view over a hundred of the painter's works connected with the town of his birth and the surrounding area.

However, the Cézanne Year will not be over for another two months yet, and has by no means been confined to Provence. London's National Gallery, for example, has also joined in the celebrations with its show 'Cézanne in Britain', open until 7 January 2007, which brings together a number of paintings from various British collections.

Naturally, the main aim of this commemorative season is to focus on and publicise a figure who, while he only achieved recognition in the later years of his life, nonetheless played a pivotal role in the advent of Modern Art, through his great influence on such painters as Pablo Picasso and Henri Matisse.

Beginning of the Impressionist influence

+ Paul Cézanne. 'Self-Portrait with Soft Hat ', ca. 1894.
Against the will of his father, a hatter turned banker who tried to push him in the direction of the law, Paul Cézanne succeeded in dedicating his life to his great passion: painting. His first visit to Paris came in 1861, and for some twenty years he was to divide his time between the French capital and Provence. It was in Paris that he met artists such as Camille Pissarro, Alfred Sisley, Pierre-Auguste Renoir and Claude Monet, who had created a new movement: Impressionism, based on the depiction of light. Cézanne took part in the first Impressionist exhibition in 1874.

Father of modern painting

+ 'The Blue Vase', 1885-87.
Over time, however, Cézanne would gradually move away from the Impressionist aesthetic. An introverted, solitary figure who was far from at ease in Parisian high society, in late 1870 he took refuge in his beautiful homeland of Provence, where he developed a style which focused more on form and colour than the expression of light, a style which was to have a decisive influence on such avant-garde movements as Fauvism and, above all, Cubism.

Artistic works

+ The most famous version of the Card Players.
Cézanne's works feature repeated motifs which bear witness to his apprentice years: still life ('The Blue Vase'), portraits and self portraits, bathers ('The Large Bathers'), card players and Mont Saint Victoria, the symbol of Provence which dominates the Aix skyline. One of his most famous works is the version of the Card Players painted between 1890 and 1895.


  • Cézanne 2006
    Pàgina oficial de l'Any Cézanne, que durarà fins el mes de desembre.
  • Cézanne 2006
    Informació d'aquest esdeveniment a l'Oficina de Turisme d'Ais de Provença, ciutat de naixença del pintor.
  • Cézanne's Astonishing Apples
    Pàgina interactiva i didàctica del Museu Metropolità d'Art de Nova York. Permet d'aprofundir en la vida i obra de Cézanne, a partir sobretot de les seves natures mortes.
  • Cézanne, Paul
    Apunt biogràfic i obres, breument comentades.
  • Paul Cézanne
    Accés a pàgines sobre l'artista provençal i a museus i galeries que guarden obres seves.
  • Comentaris d'art contemporani
    Pàgina didàctica sobre els moviments artístics cubista, fauvista, surrealista i expressionista.


  • Paul Cézanne is seen as a post-Impressionist painter, alongside his contemporaries Vincent van Gogh and Paul Gauguin.
  • 'Cézanne was my only teacher... he was a father to all of us'. These words of Picasso serve to acknowledge Cézanne's role as the precursor of modern painting.
  • The Provence-born artist changed the classical rules of perspective: in his works objects are seen from different angles, not from one single viewpoint.


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Com apuntar-s'hi


Breu qüestionari sobre Paul Cézanne.
Les pomes i les flors de les seves natures mortes, totes diferents. Vegeu, si no.
La versió més cèlebre d'un motiu prou repetit: els jugadors de cartes.
Apunt sobre aquesta pintura.
I també...
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